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Facts About...


What is the flu?

  • Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness that affects the nose, throat and lungs.
  • It is a virus that can lead to severe illness and complications which may result in hospitalization or death.
  • The flu is spread from person to person through coughing, sneezing or touching common surfaces that have been in contact with the flu virus.
  • For more information, see Facts About... Influenza

What are common symptoms of the flu?

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sore Throat
  • Headache
  • Watery Eyes
  • Runny Nose
  • Muscles Aches & Pains
  • Extreme Weakness & Tiredness
  • Some people may have nausea/vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children and adults

What to do if you or your loved one has the flu

  • Stay home and get plenty of rest.
  • Stay hydrated. Drink lots of fluids and avoid drinks with caffeine or alcohol.
  • Take basic pain or fever relievers but do not give acetylsalicylic acid (ASA or Aspirin ®) to children or teenagers under the age of 18  
  • Treat muscle pain using a hot water bottle or heating pad. Apply heat for short periods of time
  • Use spray or saline nose drops to treat a stuffy nose.
  • Avoid tobacco and second hand smoke, which can make symptoms worse.
  • Seek medical care if symptoms do not go away in a few days or get worse.

How to protect yourself and others from the flu

  • Get your flu vaccine early each year. It's the best way to prevent getting and spreading the flu.
  • Clean your hands often using soap and water or use an alcohol based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your upper sleeve when you cough or sneeze.
  • Keep common surfaces and items clean and disinfected.

October 3, 2017