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Cancer Screening & Prevention
Colon Cancer Screening

Spacer Colon Cancer Sreening Brochure
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What is Cancer Screening?

Cancer screening is testing that looks for cancer. Screening helps doctors find cancer early when it is easier to treat or cure. Cancer screening should be done when you are healthy and have no symptoms.

Why is Colon Cancer Screening Important?

  • There are often no early warning symptoms of colon cancer.
  • 75% of men and women with colon cancer have no family history of the disease.
  • Colon cancer is the second most common cause of all cancer deaths in Ontario.
  • If colon cancer is found early through regular screening, there is a 90% chance it can be cured.

What is the Greatest Risk Factor for Colon Cancer?

  • Age: 90% of men and women with colon cancer are 50 years and over.

What is the ColonCancerCheck Program?

The ColonCancerCheck program screens all men and women in Ontario who are 50 years and over for colon cancer.

Screening for colon cancer can include a Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) and/or a colonoscopy.

What is an FOBT?

The FOBT is a test you can do at home. You will collect three small samples of your stool. This test looks for blood, which may be a sign of colon cancer.

Who Needs an FOBT?

All men and women 50 years and over, with no family history of colon cancer. An FOBT should be done every two years.

Where Can I Get an FOBT?

You can get an FOBT kit from your health care provider.

If you do not have a health care provider, you can get an FOBT kit from the colorectal cancer screening line at 1-866-828-9213.

What is a Colonoscopy?

A colonoscopy is a test done in the hospital to look at the inside of your colon. This test looks for any changes, which may be a sign of colon cancer.

Who Needs a Colonoscopy?

Men and women who are at increased risk for colon cancer.

You are at increased risk for colon cancer if:

  • You have a family history of colon cancer (parent, sibling, child)
  • Your FOBT results are positive

Talk to a health care provider about what screening method is right for you.

Reduce Your Risk of Cancer:

Almost 50% of cancers can be prevented. Take these steps to reduce your risk:

To Learn More


Talk to:

  • A health care provider
  • A public health nurse at Durham Health Connection Line at 905-666-6241 or 1-800-841-2729.


For more information call Durham Health Connection Line
905-666-6241 or 1-800-841-2729