What is a reserved lane?
Reserved lanes are traffic lanes reserved for use by designated vehicles.
A bus-only lane is reserved for public transit vehicles only and designed to help buses get through congested areas and stay on schedule. A bus-only lane is not an HOV (high-occupancy vehicle, also known as carpool) lane, which allows vehicles carrying at least two people to enter and exit the lane.
A bicycle-only lane is reserved for cyclists only. Power assisted bicycles (including e-bikes and electric scooters) with a maximum speed of 32 km per hour are allowed in the cycling lane. More information regarding e-bikes is available on the Ministry of Transportation website. Personal mobility devices, including wheelchairs, electric wheelchairs and medical scooters are not allowed in the cycling lane.
Reserved lanes in Durham Region
The reserved bus-only lanes service Durham Region Transit (DRT) PULSE buses along Highway 2 (Kingston Road) that runs between downtown Oshawa and University of Toronto Scarborough campus. GO Transit buses also use these reserved lanes.
The first section of bus-only lanes runs on Highway 2 between Harwood Avenue and Salem Road in Ajax. In addition, cycling lanes were constructed along this route to accommodate cyclists. Additional bus-only lanes are planned along Highway 2 at Liverpool Road, Brock Road, Westney Road and Whites Road over the next several years. Construction of the next segment at Liverpool Road will begin in late 2014. For more information on this project, visit www.durhambrt.ca.
Driving and cycling tips
- Pavement marking and signage have been provided at all intersecting roadways on Highway 2 to guide right-turning traffic into the correct lane.
- Dashed lane markings indicate where it is acceptable to change lanes to enter the bus-only lane to turn right.
- Change lanes only when it is safe to do so and when there is no traffic approaching in the reserved bus and bicycle lanes.
- When an emergency vehicle is approaching, motorists should enter the reserved lanes when safe to bring their vehicle to a stop as near as practical to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
Motorists turning right onto Highway 2 at an intersection are required to enter the mixed traffic lane (not the bus-only lane), when safe to do so.
Motorists turning right from Highway 2 at an intersection with an exclusive right-turn lane are allowed to cross the bus-only and cycling lanes where the lane markings are dashed, permitting entry to the right-turn lane. Motorists must yield to buses and cyclists while merging into the right-turn lane.
Motorists turning right from Highway 2 at an intersection without an exclusive right-turn lane are allowed to enter the bus lane where the lane markings are dashed and make the right turn from the bus-only lane. Motorists must yield to buses while merging into the bus-only lane and to cyclists when turning right.
Motorists entering from a driveway onto Highway 2 with bus-only lanes should yield to right-turning traffic, buses and cyclists. Motorists are required to exit the bus lane within 60 metres of entering and when safe to do so.
- Cyclists share the same rights and responsibilities as drivers.
- Be aware of buses entering the bicycle-only lanes at bus stops to pick up and drop off passengers.
- Only pass a stopped bus if you can do so safely.
- Yield to buses when they are leaving the bus stop.
- Watch for vehicles turning across cycling lanes at intersections and driveways.
- Yield to pedestrians and signal before turning or changing lanes.
- Power assisted bicycles (e-bikes and scooters) with a maximum speed of 32 km per hour are allowed in the cycling lane.
- Cyclists may enter mixed traffic from the cycling lane to turn left at an intersection.
- Cyclists may also dismount and use crosswalk to turn left at a signal.
- Where the cycling lane ends, cyclists must share the same lane as mixed traffic.
Signs and markings
Both the curbside bus-only lanes and bicycle-only lanes on Highway 2 are clearly marked with overhead diamond signs, ground-mounted diamond signs and pavement markings. The start and end of the bus-only and bicycle-only lanes are marked by sign tabs denoting the words ‘BEGIN’ and ‘ENDS’. The 1.5 metre bicycle-only lane is separated from the bus-only lane with a 0.6 metre buffer.
This spring the Works Department will be revising line markings and signage in the area. Green surface treatment will be applied along the bicycle lane to improve safety for both drivers and cyclists.
The various signs and markings are as follows:
Beginning of reserved bus-only lane â€“ overhead sign
Beginning of reserved bicycle-only lane â€“ ground-mounted sign
Lane reserved for buses only â€“ overhead sign
Lane reserved for bicyclists only â€“ overhead sign
Lane reserved for bicyclists only â€“ ground-mounted sign
End of bus-only and bicycle-only reserved lanes â€“ ground-mounted sign
Lane is shared by both vehicles and cyclists â€“ ground-mounted sign where the bicycle-only lane ends
Diamond symbol marked on the pavement indicates the lane is reserved
Bicycle symbol marked on the pavement indicates the lane is reserved for bicyclists only
Fines and penalties
The use of these reserved lanes is prohibited at all times except to immediately access driveways or to turn at intersections. Drivers must exit the reserved lane not more than 60 metres from a point at which they entered the lane (Traffic and Parking Bylaw 44-2006 as amended 29-2014 Section 23.6 ). Drivers may be charged for improper use of the bus-only lanes in accordance with the Highway Traffic Act.
For more information about DRT PULSE bus-only lanes and construction updates, visit www.durhambrt.ca.
To view PULSE maps and schedules, visit www.durhamregiontransit.com.
For more information on this and other construction, design and environmental assessment projects in Durham Region, visit www.durham.ca/cdeap.
Enter for Reserved Lanes brochure.
Send us your questions and comments
For questions about reserved lanes signs and markings, please contact:
Traffic Engineering and Operations
PO Box 623
101 Consumers Dr.
Whitby, ON L1N 6A3