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What Works

doctor and patient

Individual Counselling
Individual counselling by a trained therapist providing one or more face-to-face sessions can help smokers quit. Contact your doctor, pharmacist or healthcare provider and make an appointment to discuss your options. (Cochrane Collaboration July 8, 2009)

Telephone Counselling
Telephone counselling has been found to be effective to help people stop smoking; multiple sessions are likely to be most helpful.  Call Smoker’s Helpline free of charge at 1-877-513-5333. (Cochrane Collaboration April 11, 2006)

Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)
NRT helps to reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
NRT is available as gum, patches, inhalers, lozenges, and spray.  Speak to your pharmacist or doctor for more information.  These products are available over-the-counter. (Cochrane Collaboration July 13, 2008)

Medications for Quitting Smoking
Medications, including bupropion and varenicline can increase your odds of quitting.  Speak with your doctor or pharmacist to see if these options are right for you. (Cochrane Collaboration August 10, 2011)

Quit Smoking Group Program
Group programs help people in their attempt to stop smoking and chances of quitting are doubled. (Cochrane Collaboration April 15, 2009)

Individuals can be encouraged to consult with other local community agencies, e.g. family health teams, hospitals, etc., to determine if group support is available.

Self Help Resources
Look for resources including websites that reflect your personal smoking behaviours as they provide the most benefit. (Cochrane Collaboration April 15, 2009)

Online Self Help Resources

  • Smokers’ Help Line
    Smokers’ Help Line is a free, confidential service where you can access a trained quit specialist and an online support group.  Or call 1-877-513-5333.
  • Stop Smoking Centre
    A web program and support community that will give you the help you need in quitting smoking
  • The Lung Association
    The Lung Association has information about quitting smoking, facts about smoking, and second-hand smoke; self-help resources such as “Journey 2 Quit” are available online.
  • Health Canada
    Access Health Canada’s “On the Road to Quitting” resource and other helpful tips and strategies. 


When you smoke you inhale up to 7,000 chemicals that can cause disease and cancer.

Nicotine does not cause the health problems associated with cigarettes but can make you addicted to smoking.

Quitting smoking takes practice. If you are not successful in your first attempt, don’t give up! Remember, there are lots of good reasons to quit smoking.